Discover the bite defects in their early stages!
It is very important the child’s bite to be checked as soon as the baby teeth erupt. Although the pace at which each child develops is different it is of upmost importance to discover on time if there are any possible bite defects.
Any mistakes in the tooth development, which are visible by the time the kid is around 8 years old, cannot get fixed with their own growth and the jaw development. The space designated for the front teeth will not expand after the baby molars get changed (around 6 years old).
Just like we inherit the eye colour of our parents, we can also inherit some specific characteristics of the jaw structure. There are other factors, such as sucking of the thumb, some gum diseases, fractures and also the premature birth, which can cause deformations of the jaw.
Why do we have to straighten the teeth at all?
Crooked teeth start getting tooth decay much easier, as it is also easier to get food stuck between them, thus leading to other tooth and gum diseases. The incorrect bite is at the basis of the improper chewing of the food, thus leading to impaired function of the digestive system and poor health. Besides that the crooked teeth make for a less beautiful smile, and as we all know our smile is one of the key elements of communicating with the rest of the world.
How do the braces work?
The braces are tiny metal or ceramic plates, which are placed on the tooth in a specific order, and are connected with a metal arch (most commonly with titanium and nickel alloy, which has “memory”). It is fixed on the first molars (the sixth tooth), with strength set by the orthodontist. Depending on the orthodontic issue at hand, the doctor will determine the needed dimensions of the braces. This is precisely how it is determined how much to twist or bend the tooth so that it gets straightened. We must note that the braces are actually a pretty complicated tool with fine detail to it. Each brace has a horizontal and vertical canal, ligature (turned towards the surface of the tooth) and little hooks. The route of the braces is based in the geometry of the canal, through which pressure is placed by the metal arch. Each bracket has an individual canal, which is set in accordance with the horizontal or vertical axis, thus setting the place for each tooth (where and how much it should be twisted). There are so many different variations of the braces sets, with so many different geometries, that basically there are specific types for each case out there.
Are there any age limitations for teeth straitening and bite correction through braces?
No. If your bones and gums are healthy, then your age is no obstacle. About 20% of the orthodontic patients are adults.
Does wearing braces place any sort of restriction?
So far as the treatment is in progress it is not advisable to consume hard products or chewing gum. The hard particles can get stuck in the braces and/or to rip them apart from the tooth surface. After eating the teeth require a bit more care than usual. However, in general the braces do not put any restrictions to your freedom. You can easily smile, laugh, sing, train and last but not least – kiss, as much as you like.
How long should the braces be in place?
That depends mostly on the state of your jaw and teeth before the treatment, as well as your bite type. The more closely you follow the instructions provided by your orthodontist, the sooner your teeth will align perfectly.
Is there a possibility during the orthodontic treatment to arise the necessity of tooth extraction?
Only if in the mouth there is not enough space to accommodate all of your teeth. The space of the removed teeth will be taken by the rest of them. Your smile will not lose from its appeal and beauty.
When is it not appropriate to have braces fitted?
In cases with severe periodontal disease (gum inflammation) and when there is a large number of missing teeth, also mental issues and severe allergies.
When is it best to go and see a specialist?
Every child must go to see an orthodontist. It is best to do that when the kid is still around 2-3 years old, and not later than 7 years old. The sooner the visit is set the better. Some issues are easier to be prevented or treated in those early years. In those cases when the treatment is set for after the child turns a certain age, it will already know what is going to happen and it will be fully prepared.