Gums bleed | Learn with Medstom what the types of gums bleed, Gingivitis and Periodontitis, Dental plaque, and how treatment the bleeding gums
Important rule: Healthy gums do not bleed, whether you wash them, eat an apple or the dentist works in your mouth.
Do you notice daily that you leave bloody marks when you eat different foods? Do you notice bleeding when brushing and rinsing your teeth?
No matter how and when the gums bleed, it is a signal of their inflamed condition (gingivitis) or inflammation of the periodontium (periodontitis), and the worst case scenario predicts even tooth loss.
Characteristic of healthy gums is their pale pink color and uneven surface. When the gums are inflamed, they become dark red, soft, painful and sensitive.
What are the causes of bleeding gums?
Very often the cause of periodontal diseases is poor oral hygiene, but sometimes they can be modulated by the overall condition of the body. These are patients placed on hormonal treatment, with metabolic problems (diabetes) or cardiovascular disease.
Gingivitis is a disease that affects only the gums. It is characterized by the presence of dental plaque between the gums and the tooth, bleeding, redness, swelling and pain. It is a prerequisite for the development of periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a disease that affects the overall physiology of the dental apparatus - the gums, connective tissue ligaments and adjacent bone. Periodontitis is often characterized as a chronic disease, but there is also episodic.
It is classified as a multifactorial disease in which the balance between plaque and the body's response is altered.
Dental plaque is a complex of microbes that interact with the tissues and cells of the body and leads to the destruction of the tooth retention apparatus.
The bacteria in the dental plaque secrete harmful metabolic substances called endotoxins, which trigger an immune response in the immune system. This immune response in turn triggers inflammation, which - although the bacteria are destroyed, leads to the withdrawal of the gums. If the infection remains untreated, it attacks the periodontium and eventually the jawbone.
It is important to know that if dental plaque remains uncleaned for more than 48 hours, it mineralizes and turns into tartar.
If you clean your teeth daily and thoroughly from the available plaque, you will practically not have tartar.
What is the treatment for bleeding gums?
Start brushing your teeth more thoroughly. Under no circumstances should you stop cleaning them to prevent bleeding.
The plaque must be removed, otherwise the infection will spread and worsen.
In addition to home cleaning, our advice is to visit your dental specialist and do subgingival and manual instrumentation in the deeper places (pockets) in the oral cavity.