Oral surgery procedure: tooth extraction and treatment of tooth cyst.
What is oral surgery?
Oral surgery refers to any surgical procedure performed in or around the mouth and jaw, incl. tooth extraction, wisdom tooth extraction, treatment of tooth cysts, as well as periodontal surgery and removal of tumors.
The procedures are usually performed by a specialist in oral and maxillofacial surgery (oral surgeon).
Oral surgery is a fairly extensive specialty in dentistry. It is divided into several sections - extraction or extraction of teeth and roots, operations that include repositioning the jaw or removal of oral tumors.
What are the most common oral surgery interventions?
- Extraction of wisdom teeth;
- Root canal removal;
- Placement of bone material and bone regeneration;
- Placement of dental implants by the methods of dental implantation;
- Maxillo facial surgery;
- Treatment of the jaw after trauma or injury.
When is the need for oral surgery necessary?
The intervention of an oral surgeon is necessary when you start to feel discomfort in the area of the wisdom teeth.
The sages usually sprout at the end of puberty by the age of 20.
It is believed that wisdom teeth evolved during the time of primitive people to help improve masticatory function in nutrition.
If they erupt properly, wisdom teeth can become involved in the chewing function of other teeth.
Tooth and root extraction (tooth extraction) is the most common surgical procedure.
The reasons for tooth extraction can be many. Some of the most common are:
- Periodontal diseases (periodontitis) - affects the dental apparatus, is characterized by melting of the alveolar bone;
- Improper growth of the wisdom teeth - difficult breakthrough and inflammatory processes;
- Extraction of a tooth in aid of orthodontic treatment - the goal is to free up space in the dentition, in order to correct and position correctly;
- In incurable cysts of the tooth, when extraction is the only treatment.
Is prior preparation required before a tooth extraction procedure?
Preparation for an oral surgery procedure is similar to any other surgical procedure. The most important thing is to follow the recommendations of the oral surgeon.
Before proceeding with surgery, it is important that the patient undergoes the necessary medical examinations to identify current, past, or concomitant dental disease.
Are there any contraindications to tooth extraction?
Although a routine and widespread procedure, there are a number of contraindications to tooth extraction that preclude its use.
Tooth extraction is excluded in the presence of malignant tumors, cardiovascular diseases, as well as in acute viral and respiratory diseases.
Another contraindication for tooth or tooth extraction is the development of stomatitis (inflammation of the oral cavity).In severe diabetes and high blood pressure, tooth extraction is also not recommended.
What should we watch out for after tooth extraction?
When extracting a tooth, it is recommended to put gauze, which is pressed 10-15 minutes after the operation.
On the recommendation of your dentist, you should not smoke or eat solid foods after tooth extraction. It is also forbidden to gnaw the oral cavity, this is because you can detach the blood clot from the walls of the dental alveolus, which can lead to the development of alveolitis.
You can consume soft foods, drinking hot drinks is excluded.